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A Western Grebe drifts peacefully on the tranquil waters of Elkhorn Slough, its elegant silhouette mirrored in the glass-like surface.

Elkhorn Slough, a haven of biodiversity between Santa Cruz and Monterey, is a captivating destination for bird enthusiasts. Among the fascinating avian residents, the diverse group of grebes stands out with its distinct species. In this article, we’ll venture into the world of grebes, including the Horned Grebe, Eared Grebe, Pied-Billed Grebe, Red-Necked Grebe, Clark’s Grebe, and Western Grebe, uncovering their unique characteristics and the joy they bring to the slough’s ecosystem.

Horned Grebe: The Elegance of the Diving Specialist

The Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus) is a master diver, with its striking golden “horns” during breeding season adding a touch of elegance to its appearance. Often seen in its winter plumage at Elkhorn Slough, this grebe navigates the waters with agility, diving in search of aquatic prey while gracing the slough with its presence.

Eared Grebe: A Marvel of Transformation

The Eared Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis) is known for its dramatic plumage transformation during the breeding season. From its winter gray attire, it shifts to a striking black-and-white look. With its signature “ears” during this time, this grebe becomes a visual delight and a testament to the wonders of nature’s changes.

Pied-Billed Grebe: The Tiny Diver with a Big Personality

The Pied-Billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps) is a charming presence at Elkhorn Slough, recognized by its distinctive, chunky bill. Its ability to dive effortlessly and “sink” rather than “duck” earned it the affectionate nickname “water witch.” Witnessing its comical antics and mastery of underwater hunting is a true pleasure.

Red-Necked Grebe: A Rare and Elegant Visitor

The Red-Necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena) is a rare and captivating sight at Elkhorn Slough. With its rich chestnut neck during the breeding season and its preference for freshwater habitats, spotting this grebe is a memorable event. Its elegant appearance and behaviors make it a sought-after bird among nature enthusiasts.

Clark’s Grebe: The Dance of Courtship

Clark’s Grebe (Aechmophorus clarkii) is known for its elaborate courtship displays that involve synchronized swimming and head movements. This grebe’s striking contrast between its white body and black cap makes it a striking sight. Witnessing its courtship dance on the waters of Elkhorn Slough is a true spectacle of nature.

Western Grebe: The Graceful Voyager

The Western Grebe (Aechmophorus occidentalis) is renowned for its elegant appearance and its incredible ability to run on water during courtship displays. With its long neck and slender body, it epitomizes grace both on land and in water. Its distinctive calls add a melodious touch to the slough’s ambiance.


Elkhorn Slough’s waters are home to a remarkable assembly of grebes, each species bringing its own unique flair to this thriving ecosystem. Observing these grebes, whether diving, dancing, or displaying their colorful plumage, offers a glimpse into the beauty and diversity of the avian world. A visit to Elkhorn Slough becomes a journey of discovery, where the grebes’ behaviors and characteristics remind us of the intricate tapestry of life in this cherished tidal waterway.

Marvel at the grebes as they navigate the tranquil waters of Elkhorn Slough, demonstrating their remarkable abilities and sharing their vibrant personalities with all who have the privilege of witnessing their presence.

Two Eared Grebes, adorned in their non-breeding plumage, glide harmoniously through the waters of Elkhorn Slough. Their strikingly bright red eyes stand out as captivating beacons against their more subdued appearance. Graceful and poised, these avian beauties epitomize the tranquil allure of this natural sanctuary. #EaredGrebes #NonBreedingPlumage #ElkhornSlough #NatureInFocus

Unveiling Nature’s Allure: Witness the captivating presence of two Eared Grebes in their non-breeding plumage, their fiery red eyes adding a touch of mystique. Gliding gracefully through the tranquil waters of Elkhorn Slough, these waterfowl exemplify the elegance of wildlife in harmony with its surroundings. #EaredGrebes #NonBreedingPlumage #ElkhornSlough #NatureAtItsBest